We would like to share with you our knowledge about the Montessori method.
Who is Maria Montessori
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori was an Italian physician and educator who developed her special educational ‘philosophy’ that we know as the ‘Montessori Education Method’. She was born on August 31, 1870, in Chiaravalle, Italy. In 1873, the Montessori family moved to Florence and in 1875 to Rome because of her father’s government work.
At the age of 16, Montessori enrolled in the technical institute Regio Istituto Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci, where she studied mathematics, Italian, history, geometric, geography, physics, botany, chemistry, zoology, and several foreign languages. Maria was excelling in in the sciences, particularly in math.
Montessori at first wanted to continue her academic education by studying engineering, pretty unusual for a woman in those days, but after graduating in physics and mathematics in 1890, just 20 years old, Maria decided to pursue a degree in medicine which was even more unusual at the time, when women were excluded from education. She persisted, though, and continued to get an excellent education.
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Maria Montessori became the first Italian female doctor and pedagogue, and she continued her education to become Professor at the faculty of Medicine at the University of Rome, where she became well-known for helping a large number of underprivileged children at no charge.
She set up Rome’s first small-sized children’s home in 1907, and by observing these children, she actually laid the foundation for her exceptional educational system. So the Montessori education system was founded in 1907 and Maria Montessori based her educational system on the scientific observation of her children’s learning processes
Montessori education method
Maria Montessori‘s system pays attention to all stages of children’s development and to their mothers’ behavior as well. During the children’s highly sensitive learning phases, they should be acquiring knowledge and skills through natural learning processes and external factors, without forcing them to learn. The Montessori method builds the self-confidence of the children’s mothers, so they can educate a generation in positive values.
Today, the Montessori education method has gained worldwide respect and is highly reputed. Maria Montessori has succeeded in attracting the attention of people from all walks of life, due to the fact that she has spent all her energy in promoting her own schools to that extent that she even left her beloved profession of medicine. All through her life, Maria has worked tirelessly to enhance children’s intellectual evaluation so they could live up to their full potential. This method was also used by teachers helping students getting ready for the GED exam and utilized in so-called micro-learning. Everyone has a potential and we are all capable of achieving big goals.
The Montessori principles
The Montessori system is based on the principle that parents and children are to respect each individual child’s personality with their own development, and it teaches them the best way to learn in line with their capacities. The Montessori system allows children to develop their independent thoughts and behaviors, and what’s more importantly, they can use their daily activities to boost their self-respect and self-confidence.
The Montessori system allows children to develop the love of learning, a sense of responsibility, practical intelligence, how to an independent personality, to be a character that will be respected and admired by everyone. Montessori education practices should first and foremost be applied at home, but can also be used in other environments.
Children should grow up in a pleasant environment with room for independent learning so parents can see how their children are developing self-confidence in an incredible way. The Montessori system encourages children to become independent but act disciplined at the same time.
Parents must learn to let their kids do their favored things but keep that under control. Being overprotective may interfere with their children’s development of skills. If we keep on putting the fish before our children, they will never learn how to fish, so you better first teach them how to fish, encourage them to the learning process. The Montessori philosophy is the basis for how we can become good parents.
Infographic source: Montessori training blog